The project is comprised of three main stages for enterprises :
Stage 1 Analysis of in-company situation
Stage 2 Counselling
Stage 3 Development of strategy for the implementation of work-life balance mechanisms in company
ANALYSIS OF IN-COMPANY SITUATION
In the first phase of the analysis of in-company situation all essential information concerning MGR practices in analysed companies will be gathered. It will result in the identification of practices in companies and all related procedures, documents and ways of conduct. This stage of exploration will also facilitate collecting introductory information on the scale of the application of MGR practices in the analysed companies.
Whereas the second phase of the analysis in-company situation is – primarily – to qualitatively evaluate applied practices concerning:
- verification if a given practice is really in use ;
- advancement of implemented practices ;
- effectiveness of a given practice in relation to aims assumed during its development and implementation;
- adjustment of practices to the needs and demands of employees.
This phase will result in a comprehensive description of practices used in companies with their evaluation and diagnosis of real effects resulting from the application of a given practice (or the lack of actions within that famework despite formal implementation of a practice), apart from the description of the practice.
The third phase of the analysis aims at a wide inclusion of all employees and the company management in the process of its development/ perfecting and implementation of MGR practices. It aims at the connection of knowledge gathered in previous analitical phases, expert knowledge of the contractor and ideas of the company’s management and employees confronted with the company’s capabilities and identified needs of employees within MGR practices, aiming at common development of solutions that should be implemented in the councelling stage.
FIRST PHASE OF THE ANALYSIS OF IN-COMPANY SITUATION
|Interviews with the use of survey||
Talk with enterprises’ owners, the management and employees of HR department
Analisys of documents and information made available by the enterprise
Analysis of internet portals with employees’ opinions concerning the analysed companies
|Analysis of gathered material concerning MGR practices applied in company|
SECOND PHASE OF THE ANALYSIS OF IN-COMPANY SITUATION
Benchmarking (comparative analysis of solutions applied in the researched companies with model solutions)
Survey among the employers of analysed companies with the use of on-line questionnaire (CAWI technique)
Observation (carried out by the members of research team in all the analysed companies)
Analysis of gathered material concerning the evaluation of effectiveness of MGR solutions applied in companies, and the development of introductory version of solutions, which can be introduced to companies
THIRD PHASE OF THE ANALYSIS OF IN-COMPANY SITUATION
Workshop with the representatives of employees and the management
Development of a set of MGR solutions adjusted to the needs and capabilities of a company, and recomendations concerning its implementation
Counselling in MGR is a key element of the project, which conditions its effectiveness and the realisation of all the goals of the research. The aim of councelling is to inform enterpreneurs on the results of case studies (presentation of case study results and developed MGR recommendations to the owner, representatives of the management or managers). Effective realisation of that goal is conditioned on the cooperation with the enterprise concerninig the choice of optimal mechanisms allowing for the implementation of work-life balance recommendations, adjusted to the capabilities and needs of a given enterprise.
In this project the MGR counselling part will make use of the following tools:
- knowledge base,
- information brochure/ book of good practices ,
- training ,
We will propose a set of personalised tools for each company so that they can effectively implement or perfect MGR solutions. In particular, counselling, supervision and information brochure – with recommendations on the implementation/ perfection of MGR practices (report from the analysis), and the knowledge base – with the part including partial reports describing particular analysed companies, will be fully personalised (developed for each company). Whereas the training will be developed in a few versions for exapmle adjusted to the size of a company or the level of advancement of used MGR practices. Information part of the brochure (including the book of good practices) and the knowledge base will be universal for all the analysed companies.
Moreover, crucial is the fact that the whole process of MGR counselling will begin with the presentation of a partical report (to the owner, the management or other persons indicated by the owner/ company director), which will describe the in-company situation and developed recommendations within the implementation of MGR solutions. The presentation will be given by a person responsible for conducting the analysis of in-company situation.
DEVELOPMENT OF A STRATEGY OF IMPLEMENTATION OF WORK-LIFE BALANCE MECHANISMS IN ENTERPRISES
At this stage five tools for the development of methods of MGR implementation will be used in analysed enterprises :
SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-bound) is a method of formulating goals regarding five characteristics of a well-formulated goal. According to this idea the goal should be:
- specific, it needs to be understood unambiguously and clearly by the recipient, the formulation of the goal should be unambiguous and should not leave any space for free interpretation,
- measurable, i. e. formulated in a way allowing for unambiguous mierzalny, czyli sformułowany tak, aby można było w jednoznaczny sposób wyrazić stopień realizacji celu, lub przynajmniej umożliwić jednoznaczną sprawdzalność jego realizacji,
- possible, hence realistic, goal which is impossible to reach can undermine motivation and belief in its realisation,
- real goal needs to be a significant step foreward and, simultaneously, needs to have added value for the person that will be achieving it,
- defined in time, goal should have a defined time perspective for its realisation
SWOT analysis is the a juxtapposition of strong (Strengths) and weak (Weaknesses) sides of the analysed enterprise regarding the realisation and/ or implementation of MGR solutions and chances (Opportunities), and threats (Threats) for the processes.
- Theory of Constraints
Theory of Constraints – TOC – is a method allowing for the identification and management of constraints in the environment. TOC is a practical solution used in industry, project management, education, military and other areas. It is particularly useful in building development strategy, defining barriers in paths to achieving goals, and building variuos scenarios.
- Building scenarios
Scenarios are descriptions of future or some of its aspects, which remain consistent and transparent in form, and focus on the most crucial issues. Scenarios are used as exploratory and decisive tools revealing possible choices and their potential consequences.
- Expert pannel
Expert pannel will be a meeting point for a team of experts in a given field with the aim to discuss given issues from different perspectives, by persons with different experiences and specialisations within the discussed field.